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What is Robotic Thyroid Surgery?

Robotic thyroid surgery, also referred to as robotic-assisted thyroidectomy, is a minimally invasive surgical technique. It is employed to completely or partially remove the thyroid gland, which is situated in the front of the neck and generates hormones that control metabolism.

How is the surgery being performed?

A robotic system with robotic arms and equipment is controlled by the surgeon during robotic thyroid surgery from a console. Beyond what is possible with human hands alone, the robotic arms can grasp and handle the surgical instruments with greater precision and range of motion. Using hand and foot controls, the surgeon can manipulate the robotic arms while viewing a three-dimensional magnified image of the surgery area on a console.

The robotic devices are inserted into the neck during the treatment through tiny incisions made by the surgeon. The surgeon then uses the robotic arms under remote control to execute additional required surgical procedures, such as dissecting and removing the thyroid gland. The surgery may involve a partial thyroidectomy (removal of only a small piece of the gland) or a complete thyroidectomy (removal of the entire gland).

Why is the surgery done?

Robotic thyroid surgery, commonly referred to as a robot-assisted thyroidectomy, is carried out for a number of reasons, including

1)Removal of Thyroid Nodules : Thyroid nodules are one of the main causes of robotic thyroid surgery. Nodules are abnormal growths that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) in the thyroid gland. With minimal scarring and potential harm to neighboring tissues, robotic surgery makes it possible to remove nodules precisely.

2) Treatment for Thyroid Cancer : Robotic thyroid surgery may be utilized to handle thyroid cancer. It permits the removal of malignant thyroid tissue while lowering the size of the incisions and having less of an effect on surrounding tissues, such as the parathyroid glands and the recurrent laryngeal nerves.

3) Cosmetic Considerations : Robotic thyroid surgery is frequently selected due to its favorable cosmetic outcomes. Compared to open surgery, which uses larger incisions, robotic surgery uses smaller incisions and leaves less visible scars. This may be crucial for people who are worried about the procedure's cosmetic results.

4)Patient Comfort and Recovery : Robotic thyroid surgery uses small incisions and is a less invasive technique. Compared to open surgery, it often provides less discomfort, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery. Patients frequently return to their regular activities sooner and may have less pain after surgery.

5)Patients at High Risk : For patients who have a high risk of problems from open surgery, robotic thyroid surgery may be an option. Patients with obesity, lung or heart issues, or history of neck surgery may fall under this category.

Advantages Of Robotic Thyroid Surgery Over Traditional Open Surgery

  • Smaller incisions
  • Reduced blood loss
  • Reduce Pain after surgery
  • Shorter hospital stays
  • Quick Recovery

What to expect post surgery

Here are some typical guidelines for the immediate aftermath of robotic thyroid surgery:

  • You may experience pain, swelling and discomfort in the neck area after surgery
  • The surgery involves smaller incisions in the neck. It's important to keep the incision area clean and dry
  • Avoid physical exertion like hard lifting, and any other activity that could put strain on your neck.
  • May experience Temporary voice changes after surgery such as hoarseness or a weak voice
  • Follow Up Appointments
  • Dietary recommendations or modifications needs to be followed during the recovery period

Risks associated with the surgery

There is evidence that robotic thyroid surgery is equally effective as open thyroid surgery and is usually regarded as safe. Like any surgical operation, there are, however, possible dangers and complications that can occur. Robotic thyroid surgery carries some hazards, such as:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Nerve Damage
  • Scar formation
  • Hypoparathyroidism
  • Allergic reaction, or respiratory problems to anesthesia
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